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Facilities and Grounds Use: Assembly, Speech, and Expression

Policy 5.1
Approved by: PRESIDENT
Responsible Officer: vice president for business and administrative services
Responsible Office: business and administrative services
Originally Issued: 04/25/2022
Last Revision: new
Category: Facilities and Real Estate
Related Policy
SDBOR Facilities Use by Private Parties 6:13
SDBOR Use of Institutional Facilities and Grounds for Expressive
Activity by Student Organizations, Students, Employees, and their Guests 6:13:1
DSU Campus-Wide Posting policy 10.1
SDBOR Thread Assessment Procedures 1:28
SDBOR Commitment to Freedom of Expression 1:32

I. REASON FOR THIS POLICY

This policy and its procedures set forth the guidelines for freedom of speech and use of institutional facilities and grounds at Dakota State University (DSU) for expressive activities by non-affiliated parties. DSU supports the freedoms of speech and assembly guaranteed by the Constitution (hereinafter “expressive activity”). DSU ensures that these freedoms are respected without interfering with the rights of others, including the right of students to receive an education without undue interference. This is in accordance with South Dakota Board of Regents (SDBOR) policy 6:13.

II. DEFINITIONS

  1. Affiliated Organizations. For purposes of this policy, “affiliated” means officially recognized university groups and organizations (e.g., student organizations approved by the university, officially recognized staff and/or faculty organizations, alumni association, recognized alumni groups, foundation, State of South Dakota and its political subdivisions). Affiliated organizations have the broader right to assemble and speak in public areas on campus without obtaining prior permission.
  2. Facilities and Grounds. All buildings, structures, grounds, sidewalks, recreation areas, streets, and spaces considered to be part of the campus.
  3. Guests. Persons invited to campus by a DSU student or employee. For purposes of this policy, invited guests are considered “affiliated” with the university.
  4. Unaffiliated Organizations. Any persons, businesses, organizations, or groups that are not officially recognized by the university. Unaffiliated organizations must obtain permission to assemble and speak in public areas on campus.
    1. Non-Proft Organizations. External groups supported by local, state, or federal government civic or charitable organizations. Other government groups such as volunteer fire department, search and rescue.
    2. For-Profit Organizations. For-profit groups and commercial organizations. Groups not officially recognized or non-profit.

III. STATEMENT OF POLICY

  1. University facilities and grounds embody investments by students and taxpayers to advance the educational, technology, and innovation mission of DSU. They are not open to the public for assembly, speech, or other activities as are the public streets, sidewalks, parks, or seats of government. University facilities and grounds are selected, designed, and operated to balance aesthetic and utilitarian considerations, to provide settings conducive to learning and research and to provide venues to expose students to cultural activities. Consequently, the ability of students, employees, student organizations, and their invited guests (hereinafter collectively and individually “affiliated parties”) to access and utilize campus grounds differ from those who are not affiliated parties (hereinafter “non-affiliated parties”). This policy governs the use of campus grounds by non-affiliated parties for purposes of engaging in expressive activity.
  2. The distribution of flyers on vehicles is strictly prohibited. Patrons of the university are not to be approached physically or verbally in a manner that impedes their normal progress.
  3. Non-affiliated parties that disrupt campus activities or classrooms or otherwise interfere with the normal operations of the university will be asked to leave campus immediately. Violence or damage to property will not be tolerated. DSU reserves the right to eject any objectionable person or persons from the premises upon the exercise of the authority through any agent or police personnel.
  4. If any individual believes a non-affiliated party is disrupting campus activities or interfering with the normal operations of the university, they should call a campus watch employee at 605-270-7712 or 605-270-7713.
  5. Non-affiliated parties requesting to enter campus to engage in expressive activity will be required to hold harmless and indemnify the State of South Dakota, the SDBOR, DSU, their officers, agents, or employees from and against any and all actions, suits, damage, liability, or other proceedings that may arise as a results of the negligence, misconduct, error, or omission of the State of South Dakota, the SDBOR, DSU, their officers, agents, or employees.
  6. Non-affiliated parties expressly assume full responsibility for any and all damages or injuries which may result to any person or property by reason of, or in connection with their use of the grounds/facilities pursuant to this policy.
  7. DSU will be excused from performing any obligation or undertaking under this policy in the event, and for so long as, the performance of any such obligation is prevented, delayed or hindered by a natural disaster (sometimes referred to as “Force Majeure” or “an act of God”), fire, earthquake, flood, explosion, actions of the elements, war, insurrection, strikes, walk-outs, action of labor unions, condemnation of laws, orders of government or civilian and military authorizations, or any other cause not within the reasonable control of the University, which will render the performance of its obligations under this policy impracticable.

Exclusions
This policy does not apply to officially recognized affiliated organizations and to any and all facilities and grounds that are not owned, leased, or under the authority of Dakota State University.

Exceptions
  1. Any exceptions to this policy and its procedures shall be granted through the President’s Office.
  2. Nothing in this policy shall prohibit university students, faculty, administrators, and other employees to spontaneously and contemporaneously assemble, as long as their conduct is not unlawful and does not materially and substantially disrupt the functioning of the institution. Advance notice to the University Events Office and written authorization are required for events by affiliated organizations that meet one or more of the following criteria:
    1. Are reasonably expected to attract a large crowd (expected attendance over 150 persons) or that otherwise necessitate prior coordination on the part of the University (i.e., a large-scale event per SDBOR policy).
    2. Installation of any structure, such as a tent, stage, scaffold, bleacher, bounce house, or carnival-style ride, or
    3. Outdoor amplified sound, including but not limited to bullhorns, Bluetooth speakers, etc.

IV PROCEDURES (MAJOR)

  1. Non-affiliated parties who desire to come on to campus to engage in expressive activity must complete the Request Form for Expressive Activity at least three (3) days prior to the time at which the non-affiliated party desires to come on to campus to engage in expressive activity. Non-affiliates parties shall submit the Request Form to the University Events Office.
  2. Additionally, all non-affiliated parties engaging in expressive activity on campus must adhere to the provisions below.
    1. A copy of the approved request form must be displayed or made immediately available upon request of DSU personnel.
    2. No commercial activity, which includes activities that involve the exchange of goods or services for valuable consideration and speech that relates solely to the economic interest of the speaker and audience and proposes a commercial transaction, will be permitted by non-affiliated parties engaging in expressive activity on campus.
    3. Expressive activities by non-affiliated parties will be limited to Monday through Friday, during the hours of 9:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. No expressive activity by non-affiliated parties will be permitted during the first week of each new semester, the week prior to final exams, and the week of final exams.
    4. Outdoor areas on campus that aren’t otherwise properly restricted are generally available for non-affiliated parties, who are otherwise in compliance with the provisions of this policy, to engage in expressive activity without paying a fee, so long as:
      1. All applicable federal and state laws, city ordinances, and DSU and SDBOR policies are followed.
      2. Pedestrian and/or vehicular traffic is not impeded.
      3. Instructional, research, service or administrative activities of the institution are not interfered with.
      4. Meetings or events sponsored or conducted by DSU, affiliated parties or other non-affiliated parties are not disrupted.
      5. The area has not been previously reserved or scheduled for a particular function.
      6. No sound amplification is used.
  3. Once a request has been approved by the Director of University Events and the Vice President for Student Affairs, the requestor will be notified and sent a copy of the approved request form.
  4. The Vice President for Student Affairs shall notify DSU faculty, staff, and students of approved on-campus gatherings by nonaffiliated parties.
  5. Non-affiliated parties that would like to distribute written material on campus must submit a copy of the material when submitting their Request Form for Expressive Activity.
    1. Items distributed on University property are the responsibility of the nonaffiliated party, and in no way imply or suggest any relationship with, or official sanction, by DSU.
    2. The distribution of any item that would infringe upon, or in any way violate, a legal trademark or copyright will be prohibited. Exceptions will be granted only with the expressed written consent of the trademark or copyright holder.
    3. No individual may be forced to take materials from a non-affiliated party engaging in an expressive activity.
  6. A request form for expressive activity may be denied, and the University reserves the right to cancel or postpone any previously approved request form on one or more of the following grounds:
    1. Conflict with a pre-existing reservation or planned use of the location that would unreasonably interfere with the event.
    2. Failure to comply with reasonable restrictions on signage, display, erection of structures, sound amplification restrictions, or other aspects of the expressive activity that would unreasonably interfere with the health or safety of persons, protection of property, access, traffic, or the peaceful, orderly operations of the campus.
    3. Inadequate notice for purposes of providing security, facilities, or other preparations necessary for the protection of persons and property.
    4. The reservation or request form is incomplete.
    5. Failure to comply with any of the provisions of this policy.
  7. Non-affiliated parties wishing to appeal a denial may use the appeal process listed in Board of Regents Policy 6:13.
  8. The Vice President for Student Affairs, or designee, is responsible for the ad hoc and annual review of this policy and its procedures. The University President is responsible for approval of this policy.

V. RELATED DOCUMENTS, FORMS, AND TOOLS

Contact the Director of University Events for the Request Form for Expressive Activity for Unaffiliated Organizations

VI. POLICY HISTORY

NEW: 04/25/2022